When the prostate becomes swollen or inflamed, the condition is called prostatitis. When the symptoms last more than a few weeks, the condition is considered to be chronic. It used to be thought that chronic prostatitis was caused by a bacterial infection. However, there are a number of reasons that this condition may occur.
Causes of Chronic Prostatitis Without An Infection
It is difficult to fully understand why chronic prostatitis occurs when an infection is not present. The urine sample will show no bacteria and this indicates that the cause is not a bacterial infection. There can still be white blood cells found in the urine, which indicates that there is some type of infection present. However, this is fairly uncommon.
One of the possible causes of chronic prostatitis without an infection is leaky prostate syndrome. This happens when the lining of the prostate becomes damaged. The purpose of the lining is to form a barrier that does not allow harmful materials that are found in the urine to leak into the blood stream or other areas of the body.
One other possible cause of chronic prostatitis without an infection has to do with problems within the nervous system.
Chronic Prostatitis Without An Infection Symptoms
The symptoms of the condition chronic prostatitis without an infection are very similar to bacterial prostatitis. Most men will have pain during urination. This pain is caused by pressure being placed on the urethra from a swollen prostate. Some of the other symptoms of chronic prostatitis include pain in the pelvis area located above the penis, pain in the back, genital and rectum pain, frequent urination, feeling like you have a full bladder all the time, and some men experience painful orgasms.
There are times when an antibiotic may be used to treat a non-bacterial chronic prostatitis. However, this is not typically a cure all. Some other medications that are used for treatment are alpha blockers. These work by relaxing the muscles of the prostate, which can help relieve some of the symptoms of the condition including the urination frequency. Ejaculating frequently can also help relieve pain by reducing the blockage. However, ejaculation can be quite painful.
Another option that is sometimes used is surgery. The prostate gland can be either partially or completely removed. This method is often only used if other treatment methods are not offering any type of relief. Often, surgery is only used in older men that have the condition because it can cause retrograde ejaculation. This is what happens when semen goes into the bladder during ejaculation.
The most difficult aspect of treatment for chronic prostatitis without an infection is that the different treatments that are available work different for each individual. The cause of the condition is difficult to fully understand. It is important to discuss the different treatment methods that are available with your doctor in order to find one that will work the best for your particular situation.